This is an attempt to study उपनिषद-s by the procedure, outlined in the “About” page of this blog. Many great sages have written commentaries on उपनिषद-s. This study will yet be different, because the outlined procedure itself is different. Commentators would often present that meaning, what appealed to the mind of the commentator. This study would attempt to be without the bias of the interpretations of commentators. Having learnt the basic meaning, it would yet be interesting to also learn what different commentators interpreted. That would help to make the study as much more comprehensive.
उपनिषद-s are said to be as many as 108. They are said to be accompaniments of Vedas. They are hence also called as Vedanga-s वेदाङ्ग-s. Sanskrit language of उपनिषद-s would often have shades of Vedic Sanskrit. This establishes that chronologically the उपनिषद-s are very ancient. They have survived the passage of time only because of eternal validity of their contents.
There is a closing statement at the end of every chapter of गीता. In that statement every chapter of गीता seems to have been called as an UpaniShat itself ! That also underlines the importance and greatness of contents of उपनिषद-s !
There is also a very scholarly book on उपनिषद-s “A Constructive Survey of Upanishadic Philosophy” by गुरुदेव रानडे, a world-renowned philosopher saint. In that book, गुरुदेव रानडे has constructed his survey based on 13 उपनिषद-s viz. (1) बृहदारण्यक (2) छान्दोग्य (3) ईशावास्य (4) केन (5) ऐतरेय (6) तैत्तिरीय (7) कौशितकी (8) कठ (9) मुण्डक (10) श्वेताश्वतर (11) प्रश्न (12) मैत्री (13) माण्डूक्य.
Let us then get on with the study ⇒ What are Upanishat-s ? काः उपनिषदः ?