प्रस्तावना Introduction

This is an attempt to study उपनिषद-s by the procedure, outlined in the “About” page of this blog. Many great sages have written commentaries on उपनिषद-s. This study will yet be different, because the outlined procedure itself is different. Commentators would often present that meaning, what appealed to the mind of the commentator. This study would attempt to be without the bias of the interpretations of commentators. Having learnt the basic meaning, it would yet be interesting to also learn what different commentators interpreted. That would help to make the study as much more comprehensive.

उपनिषद-s are said to be as many as 108. They are said to be accompaniments of Vedas. They are hence also called as Vedanga-s वेदाङ्ग-s. Sanskrit language of उपनिषद-s would often have shades of Vedic Sanskrit. This establishes that chronologically the उपनिषद-s are very ancient. They have survived the passage of time only because of eternal validity of their contents.

There is a closing statement at the end of every chapter of गीता. In that statement every chapter of गीता seems to have been called as an UpaniShat itself ! That also underlines the importance and greatness of contents of उपनिषद-s !

There is also a very scholarly book on उपनिषद-s “A Constructive Survey of Upanishadic Philosophy” by गुरुदेव रानडे, a world-renowned philosopher saint. In that book, गुरुदेव रानडे has constructed his survey based on 13 उपनिषद-s viz. (1) बृहदारण्यक (2) छान्दोग्य (3) ईशावास्य (4) केन (5) ऐतरेय (6) तैत्तिरीय (7) कौशितकी (8) कठ (9) मुण्डक (10) श्वेताश्वतर (11) प्रश्न (12) मैत्री (13) माण्डूक्य.

Let us then get on with the study  What are Upanishat-s ? काः उपनिषदः ?

शुभमस्तु !



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3 Responses to प्रस्तावना Introduction

  1. Mr WordPress says:

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    • hnbhat says:

      I could find the सोपान १, where I can fine? Please.

      As I can see from the AruNikA UpaniShad published by Adyar Library, with Sanskrit Commentary, this Upanishat has got 1-9 paragraphs, which beginns with
      beginning with 1. शान्ति-मन्त्र – आप्यायन्तु etc.

      1. आरुणिः प्राजापत्यः प्रजापतेर्लोकं जगाम। तं गत्वोवाच – केन भगवन् कर्माण्यशेषतो विसृजानीति।
      with the introduction of आरुणि asking प्रजापति going to his abode, how can renunce all the rites? and the whole text is the reply of प्रजापति to his question in detail which
      with 9 तद्विप्रासो विपन्यवो जागृवांसः समिन्धते। विष्णोर्यत् परमं पदम्।। इति।
      एवं निर्वाणानुशासनं वेदानुशासनं वेदानुशासनम्। इत्युपनिषत्॥

      This question presupposes the renunciation of the rites वर्णाश्रमधर्म prescribed by the श्रुति and स्मृति which is ordained for each वर्ण and आश्रम. The question is related to the संन्यासाश्रम the last one.

      Wish you all the best in your studies.

      • नमो नमः “डॉ. हरि नारायण भट”-महोदय !
        उपनिषदध्ययने प्रथम-सोपानस्य विषयः शीर्षकम् च आसीत् “(1) What are UpaniShat-s ? काः उपनिषदः” पश्यताम् –

        उपनिषदध्ययने प्रथमः (१) सोपानः ।

        First Step in study of UpaniShads

        काः उपनिषदः ?
        What are UpaniShat-s ?
        धन्यवादाः खलु यत् भवता निर्दिष्टं “अड्यार-लायब्ररी”-संस्थया प्रकाशिते एतस्मिन् उपनिषदि

        1. “आप्यायन्तु….”-शान्ति-मन्त्रः तथा
        2. “आरुणिः प्राजापत्यः प्रजापतेर्लोकं जगाम । तं गत्वोवाच – केन भगवन् कर्माण्यशेषतो विसृजानीति ।….” एवंविधं प्रास्ताविकं, तथा
        3. तद्विप्रासो विपन्यवो जागृवांसः समिन्धते। विष्णोर्यत् परमं पदम्।। इति।
        एवं निर्वाणानुशासनं वेदानुशासनं वेदानुशासनम्। इत्युपनिषत्॥….” एवंविधः नवमः परिच्छेदः

        इत्यादि विवरणमस्ति । तत्सर्वं मिलित्वा द्वितीयस्य सोपानस्य एकम् परिशिष्टं आवश्यकम् दृश्यते । प्रयतिष्यामि ।
        अनुग्रहीतोऽस्मि ।
        सस्नेहम् ,
        अभ्यंकरकुलोत्पन्नः श्रीपादः |
        “श्रीपतेः पदयुगं स्मरणीयम् ।”

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